Life expectancy is difficult to predict, and the term “suffering” encompasses a galaxy of sensations and emotions. The degree of suffering is always subjective. The human animal has an extraordinary capacity to find meaning in and even enjoy a life marked by limited function and debility – particularly if care is freely offered. Chronic pain clinics are full of patients who don’t have terminal illnesses. They are experiencing pain they find insufferable, often despite no organic pathology, often in the context of psychosocial chaos. Should these people be offered death? Or should we instead continue to provide psychological and social support, and to research neuroplastic ways to help these people find peace? Why bother, if we decide death is the treatment?
1. Carlos Gomez, Regulating Death (New York: Free Press, 1991), . Hereafter cited as Regulating Death.
2. Ibid., .
3. H. Jochemsen, trans., “Report of the Royal Dutch Society of Medicine on ‘Life-Terminating Actions with Incompetent Patients, Part 1: Severely Handicapped Newborns.'” Issues in Law & Medicine , vol. 7, (1991), p. 366.
4. From KNMG Euthanasia Guidelines as quoted in Regulating Death, p. 40.
5. Alexander Morgan Capron, “Euthanasia in the Netherlands–American Observations,” Hastings Center Report (March, April 1992), p. 31.
6. Medical Decisions About the End of Life, I. Report of the Committee to Study the Medical Practice Concerning Euthanasia. II. The Study for the Committee on Medical Practice Concerning Euthanasia (2 vols.), The Hague, September 19, 1991. Hereafter cited as Report I and Report II, respectively.
7. Report I, p. 13.
9. Ibid.,p. 15.
10. Report II , , table .
11. Ibid., , table .
12. Ibid., table .
13. Ibid., p. 58, table .
14. Ibid., p. 72.
16. Report I , pp. 17-18.
17. Report II , p. 52, table .
18. Ibid., table .
19. Keown, “The Law and Practice of Euthanasia in The Netherlands,” The Law Quarterly Review (January 1992), pp. 67-68.
20. Marlise Simons, “Dutch Move to Enact Law Making Euthanasia Easier,” New York Times, 2/9/93, .
21. Euthanasia: Report of the Working Party to Review the British Medical Association’s Guidance on Euthanasia, British Medical Association, May 5, 1988, p. 49, no. 195.
22. Rita L. Marker, Deadly Compassion -The Death of Ann Humphry and the Truth About Euthanasia (New York; William Morrow and Company, 1993), p. 157. Hereafter cited as Deadly Compassion .
23. Abner Katzman, “Dutch debate mercy killing of babies,” Contra Costa Times , 7/30/92, p. 3B.
24. “Critics fear euthanasia soon needn’t be requested,” Vancouver Sun , 2/17/93, p. Al0. Also, “Dutch may broaden rules to permit involuntary euthanasia,” Contra Costa Times , 2/17/93, p. 4B.
25. New York Times , 4/5/93. , and Washington Times , 4/22/93, .
26. “It’s Almost Over — More Letters on Debbie,” Letter to the editor by . Humphrey, ., ., University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands, Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 260, no. 6 (8/12/88), p. 788.
27.”Involuntary Euthanasia in Holland,” Wall Street Journal, 9/29/87, .
28. “Restructuring Health Care”, The Lancet (1/28/89), .
29.”The Member’s Aid Service of the Dutch Association for Voluntary Euthanasia,” Euthanasia Review , vol. 1, no. 3 (Fall 1986), .
30. “Suicide on Prescription,” Sunday Observer (London, England), 4/30/89, p. 22.
31. Deadly Compassion, p. 156.
32. “Elderly Dutch afraid of euthanasia policy,” Canberra Times (Australia), 6/11/93.
33. Leo Alexander, “Medical Science Under Dictatorship,” N ew England Journal of Medicine , (July 14, 1949), .
34. Nancy Gibbs, “Love and Let Die,” Time Magazine (March 19, 1990), .
This paper describes Euthanasia that is now taking a major place in the debates among people. Many people are in favor of this process as they think that it is employed in order to bring the suffering people to peace while many people are against this process. Most of such opponents are religious people who think that this process is against the code of ethics and religion. So, both types of arguments, that is, in favor and against, are discussed in this report. Then the ethical issues from nurses’ point of view are also discussed. Need essay sample on "An ethical evaluation of euthanasia" ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $/page