It is known that the abolitionist John Brown was the first white man who used violence to put an end to slavery in the United States. Of course, the actions of John Brown scared many slaveholders. After the raid, the militias of the Southern States began training in order to defense further raids against slavery. It is possible to conclude that John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry led to the further militarization of the South in its military preparation for the further Northern invasion. It is known that many people in the North called John Brown’s raid absolutely misguided, and even wild and insane. Most Northerners called John Brown “a martyr who was willing to sacrifice himself for the holy cause of freedom” (Dickson, 2011, ). However, John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry had enormous impact on the minds of the slaves in the United States and it was the first step to freedom.
Ho spent the summer in Paris trying to lock in the agreement, but the French government was purposely evasive, as it was conspiring to undermine Vietnamese independence. Ho was nevertheless well received in the French media. A French reporter who met him noted his “engaging manner and extraordinary gift for making contact,” which “at once brought a warm and direct exchange of views and gave a startlingly fresh ring to commonplace words.”  Ho returned to Vietnam in October and appealed to the Vietnamese people for patience. The French, however, showed their hand on November 22, 1946. Using a dispute over control of customs in Haiphong as a pretext, French warships bombarded the unprotected port city, killing at least 6,000 and wounding some 25,000. On December 19, Ho issued a call for “nationwide resistance”: