In February 1868, the House of Representatives charged Johnson with 11 articles of impeachment for vague “high crimes and misdemeanors.” (For comparison, in 1998, President Bill Clinton was charged with two articles of impeachment for obstruction of justice during an investigation into his inappropriate sexual behavior in the White House Oval Office. In 1974, Nixon faced three charges for his involvement in the Watergate scandal.) The main issue in Johnson’s trial was his staunch resistance to implementing Congress’ Civil War Reconstruction policies. The War Department was the federal agency responsible for carrying out Reconstruction programs in the war-ravaged southern states and when Johnson fired the agency’s head, Edwin Stanton, Congress retaliated with calls for his impeachment.
Landau cemented his ascent with another best supporting actor Oscar nomination for Woody Allen’s 1989 morality fable Crimes and Misdemeanors, in which he played murderous opthamologist Judah Rosenthal. Landau finally won the statuette five years later at the third time of asking for Ed Wood. Having secured his status, Landau would go on to play a string of character roles in high-profile films, including City Hall alongside Al Pacino, the Jim Carrey vehicle The Majestic, and the Harrison Ford cop comedy Hollywood Homicide. Landau was also involved in further collaborations with Burton, including the animated film Frankenweenie.