However, the study of functionalism and the selfresultedthe development of the study of self-esteem which helps the world till today. James had a very simple definition of self-esteem: success divided by pretension. According to James the more success we have and the lower our expectations or pretensions then the higher our self-esteem. To raise self-esteem, therefore, we have two options: lower our expectations of ourselves or increase our theorygives us and psychologists a better understanding on howpeople react to their thoughtsand perhaps to tackle depression and maintain self-esteem. Functionalism has taught us on how to get a better understanding of the functions of the mind and perhaps this theory could be useful for psychologists, counsellors and social workers who meet with suicidal or depressed clients.
On the other hand Swinburne discuss the relationship between the brain and the soul. He feels that once the brain dies that soul does as well. He came up with an analogy witch does a good job of summing up how he feels "the soul is like a light bulb and the brain is like an electric light socket. If you plug the bulb into the socket and turn the current on, the light will shine. If the light is damaged or the current turned off, the light will not shine." According to Swinburne if the soul does not function when the brain is active, or when we are in deep sleep how could it possibly function after death? The question Swinburne asks since the brain stops functioning at death can it start to function after death, and if so how much of it is intact? This leads him to speak about the act of transplanting the brain to an empty skull. He wonders if the person's personality would be transmitted after the change. He speculates that if you died and your body was frozen and your brain was to be placed back in its original place would you be the same? Would your memories