Picasso's ceramic oeuvre may seem frivolous to some, particularly where the emphasis upon his painting and sculpture has tended to keep his long involvement in ceramics in the shadow of his other work. His ceramic activity has been extremely ambitious and encompassing. It embodies his imagination and wit, his enthusiasm for making much from little. It employs his understanding of the mytho-poetic power inherent in simple table utensils as they serve their role in the sacraments and ceremonies of daily meals taken en famille. As exemplified by capacious and generous serving dishes, bowls and pitchers, Picasso’s splendid forms relate to the comfort and reassurance one finds in one’s warm hearth and to the physical well-being associated with the pleasures of the table. It is his ceramic oeuvre that fostered the artist’s witty variations on the religious and mythic tales of God’s use of clay to create a human likeness and all the birds and beasts; to transform one form into another, as bird into spirit, God into bull; and to relive the magical realization of plates that are never empty and jugs that are always full.
Here the readers witness Gothic sentiments of obsession and fatal love or the femme fatale. The Painter's mad obsession was focused only on mirroring his young bride's beauty in his canvass. There was nothing else that held his attention. It consumed him to the point that he failed to see her as a human being. From being a young bride she was transformed into an inanimate object, and then her humanity was eerily forgotten as it faded into the darkness of the turret-chamber where the session was held. In Poe's words, the Painter was "entranced" by the art, as if an evil spell enveloped his being and directed all his energy towards the canvas. Her humanity ceased for the painter when he no longer saw her as his wife and only revered on how her beauty would be captured in his art.
Though Oath of Horatii was criticized for its color, it's now viewed as the start of the Neoclassical style. But it was the critical reception and popularity of The Death of Socrates that both cemented the style and brought it to the attention of the world. Neoclassicism found inspiration in ancient Greek and Roman art's focus on anatomy and musculature, the stark simplicity of their statues, and the two-dimensional friezes that captured historical events. Essentially, David took these inspirations and gave them new life in relevance with oil paints.