Maslow doesn’t think that self-actualizers are perfect, of
There were several flaws or imperfections he discovered
the way as
well: First, they often suffered considerable anxiety and
but realistic anxiety and guilt, rather than misplaced or neurotic
Some of them were absentminded and overly kind. And finally,
of them had unexpected moments of ruthlessness, surgical coldness,
loss of humor.
In addition to formal theory development, research has applied SDT in many domains including education, organizations, sport and physical activity, religion, health and medicine, parenting, virtual environments and media, close relationships, and psychotherapy. Across these domains research has looked at how controlling versus autonomy-supportive environments impact functioning and wellness, as well as performance and persistence. In addition, supports for relatedness and competence are seen as interactive with volitional supports in fostering engagement and value within specific settings, and within domains of activity. This body of applied research has led to considerable specification of techniques, including goal structures and ways of communicating that have proven effective at promoting maintained, volitional motivation.